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Excavations – 2000-2005 – Madhya Pradesh


Buddhist Monument, Sanchi , dt. Raisen
The recent excavations conducted during 2000-01 and 2002-03 has revealed the remains of a temple structure datable to post-Gupta period. The other important findings are sculpture fragments, copper coins, beads, iron objects, stone flake bearing inscription of post-Gupta character. The pottey includes Red ware, Red Polished ware, Black ware etc.

Bija Mandal Mound, Khajuraho, Dt. Chhatrpur
Excavation conducted at the site during 2002-03 has revealed the basal remains of temple structure datable to 10-11th century A.D. The remains show that Bijamandal temple was the largest temple at Khajuraho. A good number of sculptures including a figure of Sarasvati have been found in different stages of carving indicating to the fact that the temple construction was in progress, when it had to be abandoned. Among the sculptures in the rajasena moulding dance scenes, elephants, Jain tirthankaras, one of which is partly carved, are of significance. The superstructure of the temple had collapsed and subsequently it was buried under many centuries of soil. The length of the Jagati, the only remaining part now extant is 34.60 m, is 4 m longer than that of the Kandariya Mahadeo temple.

Deorkothar, dt. Rewa
Excavation at the site was commenced in the year 1999-2000. The recent excavations conducted in 2000-01 and 2001-02 has revealed monolithic staircase on the Western and southern direction leading upto the medhi of the Stupa No.1. A brick built monastic complex was exposed partially to the west of the great stupa. Among the antiquities recovered mention may be made of oxidized coins, iron slags pieces of Mauryan polished Chhatra and Terracotta animal toys. Five more pieces of the inscription of the colossal Mauryan pillar was recovered from the excavation.

Bhimbetka, dt. Raisen
Excavations were carried out in the rock-shelter ASI-28 between the years 2002-2005 at two spots in the precincts of the rock-shelter. Inside the tunnel beneath the ledge nine squares of 1 m each were excavated. Inside the tunnel the excavations were carried out up to Level No. 100 and outside, beneath the ledge upto Level No 26, respectively. The excavations revealed a large number of potsherds and some bangle pieces in the upper level in both the spots. In the lower levels below a large number of microliths including blades, backed blades, triangles and crescent besides cores. The squares inside the tunnel, which were excavated much deeper, yielded a large number of stones tools of earlier cultures. These include: scrapers and natural flakes with working edges. Palaeobotanical and entymological specimens were collected from each level assessing the palaeo-environmental backdrop of the evolution of human beings from the Lower Palaeolithic.

Kulharia, dt. Raisen
The trial excavations conducted at the site during 2002-03 has yielded a cultural deposit of 1.9 m and can be assignable to medieval period. The structural remains include random rubble masonry wall. The antiquities include terracotta sculpture fragments, copper coins, beads, glass objects. The ceramic industry is represented by Red Ware, Black and Red ware, Black ware and Glazed Ware etc.

Udaygiri, dt. Vidisha
Excavation conducted at the site in 2002-03 near the Varaha sculpture has revealed a stone structure wherein broken bricks has also been used. The antiquities include stone sculpture, TC beads, bangle fragments etc. The pottery includes Red Ware, Red Polished Ware, Black Ware, Black and Red Ware.

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