Home

Home   :   Contact Us   :   Site Map  :Search  :हिन्दी 

New Page 1
About Us
  About Us
  Monuments
  Excavation
  Conservation and Preservation
  Epigraphical Studies
  Museums
  Legislation
  Publications
  Training
  Central Antiquity Collection
  Central Antiquity Collection
  Central Archaeological Library
  Underwater Archaeology
  Activities Abroad
  Horticulture
  Photo Gallery
  Walkthrough
  Video
  RTI Act
   
Home > Monuments  > Ticketed MonumentsUttar Pradesh > Lord Cornwallis Tomb, Gazipur 
Ticketed Monuments - Uttar Pradesh

 Lord Cornwallis Tomb, Ghazipur

The tomb of Lord Cornwallis is located at Ghazipur, a small town in the eastern part of Uttar Pradesh approximately seventy kilometers east of Varanasi. It is well connected by road and railways with different parts of the country.

Lord Cornwallis is known as a great administrator and a successful commander-in-chief in the history of India during British period. He was appointed Governor General of India twice. The first tenure from September 1786 to October 1793 is remembered for his valuable contributions towards revenue reforms, judicature system and the second Mysore war. It was he who introduced the system of permanent settlement which is a landmark in the history of revenue reforms. His great reform in judicature was the establishment of Nizamat sadr adalat or the Supreme Court of criminal judicature at Calcutta. Further, he separated the functions of District Collector and Judge. It is believed that the foundation stones of civil administration in India were laid by his predecessor Hastings whereas the superstructure was raised by Cornwallis. He is known for his successful campaign of second Mysore war during 1790-92 in which he personally led the British army. 

The reign of his successor John Shore (1793-98) was almost uneventful. But the time of Lord Wellesley the next Governor General (1793-1805) was full of wars and conquests which caused a financial strain and administrative chaos in the country. 

In these circumstances Cornwallis was again sent to India for the second time in July 1805 to tighten the administration and establish peace at any cost. But unfortunately he could not serve longer. Only after ten weeks while traveling on his mission to north-west he died at Ghazipur on 5th October 1805 in the 67th year of his age. The British inhabitants of Calcutta erected this monument in his honour. 

The tomb consists of a lofty dome supported by twelve columns erected on a 3.66 metres high circular platform, about 18.30 metres in diameter. The square structure of white marble raised at the centre of the platform bears the bust of Lord Cornwallis with a hindu and a muslim on either sides shown in the attitude of mourning, below which is an epitaph in English. The other side of this structure depicts a European and a native soldier paying homage with an epitaph below in Urdu. The exterior of upper portion of the tomb has been ornamented with army cap and floral motifs. The circular iron railing around the tomb with its gate toward south-east is beautifully fabricated with spears, bows & arrows, swords and inverted cannons. 

Open from Sunrise to Sunset

Entrance Fee:
Citizens of India and visitors of SAARC (Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Maldives and Afghanistan) and BIMSTEC Countries (Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Myanmar) - Rs. 5 per head.

Others: 
US $ 2 or Indian Rs. 100/- per head
(Free entry to children up to 15 years)

 

 
World Heritage Sites
Ticketed Monuments
Alphabetical List

 

Know about

Lucknow Circle

Agra Circle

Patna Circle

 

 

 

 
 
About Us
National Culture Fund  |  FAQ   |  Contact Us   |  Feedback  |  Fellowship   |  Related links    |   Tenders   |  Jobs  | New Orders   |   Notifications & Minutes  |  Disclaimer
Copyright © 2011 Archaeological Survey of India, Government of India