Bhirrana, A Harappan Town
Excavations by the ASI at Bhirrana (290 33’ N; 750 33’ E), (on the
left bank of River Ghaggar), district Fatehabad, Haryana since 2003,
has revealed a 4.5 m cultural sequence consisting of Hakra Ware, Early
and Mature Harappan cultures. A transitional phase in between the
Early and Mature Harappan cultures is also noticed.
The earliest period, of the Hakra Ware culture, consisted of
sub-terranean circular pit dwellings cut into the natural soil. These
pit dwelling are noticed to the north of the Harappan town, and below
the Early Harappan structures of the town.
The Mature Harappan town consisted of a fortified settlement with two
major divisions. The cultural remains consists of pottery repertoire
of different kinds, antiquities of copper, faience, steatite, shell,
semi-precious stones like agate, carnelian, chalcedony, jasper, lapis
lazuli, and terracotta.